One of the quintessential lessons in consuming cannabis is learning how to pack a bowl. This is much easier to pick up than rolling a joint and whether you are packing a pipe for yourself or a group here are the key fundamentals that will help you optimize smoking a bowl.
Pipes used for cannabis come in all shapes and sizes and have been adapted from traditional tobacco pipes. Cannabis pipes contain the bowl (where you marijuana goes), an airtight channel that delivers air to the mouthpiece, and some pipes also have a secondary air channel that is known as the carb.
The carb is used to manipulate the airflow from the bowl to the mouthpiece. The last thing that you will want to use is the screen, this stops the flower from being inhaled through the mouthpiece. If you don’t have a pack of pipe screens you can use:
- the screen from a facet
- a paperclip
Just don’t use aluminum cans like soda/beer cans since they are coated with a bunch of chemicals that you don’t want to be inhaling.
Items Needed to Pack and Smoke a Bowl
You are going to need the cannabis flower that you want to smoke, something to light (heating element) the cannabis, and of course a pipe.
There are a number of different ways that you can light the flower with a lighter being the most traditional. There are however hemp wicks, glass wands, vaporizers and other devices that are more effective at controlling the heat when combusting the flower.
With all of these devices, the goal is to heat the cannabis flower to a point where it will vaporize while eliminating combustion smoke together while still delivering the cannabinoids and flavor. The benefits of using one of these alternative heating devices is a lighter hit.
Breaking Down the Flower
You need to break down the marijuana a little bit to make sure that you get an even burn that will still allow for air to pass through freely. In this case, you don’t need a grinder here but it makes it easier. Just make sure that you don’t grind it too fine.
Packing the Bowl
- Now take the pipe, add the pipe screen/water facet screen/paperclip to the bottom of the bowl.
- Add the cannabis to the bowl. When adding the weed to the bowl, the bottom should be packed lighter than the top of the bowl. This will provide a more even burn resulting in a “cherry” in the bowl.
- Now you are ready to light the flower, use a heat source like a lighter to light a corner of the cannabis in the bowl.
There is etiquette with smoking weed like there is with anything. Some of these include bring your own to share, pack a proportional amount of weed for the group, and the person providing the cannabis determines who gets the first hit. These are just a few of the cannabis etiquette that you might encounter when smoking with others.
If you have other weed etiquette let us know in the comments below!
There are a number of different ways to roll a joint and every cannabis user should learn how to roll a joint. Regardless of the technique that you choose to use, make sure that your creation burns smoothly and evenly.
Rolling a Joint: What Do Supplies Do I Need?
You are going to need the following rolling supplies:
- The Cannabis flower that you want to smoke
- Business cards or thin cardboard
- Rolling papers
- Cannabis grinder
- Pen, pencil, or anything of similar shape.
Step One: The Shake – Grind
To create the shake you want to break down your cannabis into shake using a grinder. You can also grind the flower down by hand, knife, scissors, or any number of other breakdown methods. Make sure the consistency is even. Remove any stems or other lumps. If the shake is 100% cannabis then make sure your material is absolutely dry.
Step Two: Creating the Filter
Next, you need to create the crutch/filter. To create the filter grab a business card. To start with a few folds at the end of the cardboard like an accordion, then roll the material to the thickness of your joint.
The filter helps to keep the shake from falling out of the end of the joint in your mouth when you smoke.
The shape of the joint is determined by how you distribute the mix over the papers. Use long papers. Most Joints are cone-shaped. Cones tend to smoke more smoothly than straight joints but are slightly harder to roll.
Step Three: Fill Rolling Paper with Cannabis
Now grab the crutch/filter and start filling the rolling paper with the cannabis shake. Once you have filled the paper with approximately a half to a gram you can start to form and shape the joint.
Step Four: Roll it
This can be the tricky part. Pick everything up and start rolling gentle in the middle, rolling outward. You want to pinch the paper in your fingertips and roll it. Let your thumbs do most of the work and give support and pressure with your forefingers. You should start to feel the mix firming inside the paper.
You might want to start rolling it on the crutch/filter side since it helps guide the paper as it guides the roll. Once you work your way down the rest of the seam by sealing the joint.
Step Five: Pack It and Seal It.
Grab the pen/pencil and pack the end of the joint. This will help the joint burn even. Once you have it packed tight twist the paper to seal it.
Step Six: Smoke it
Now you have a joint ready to smoke. There are an unlimited amount of ways to roll a joint. You can change the amount of cannabis in the joint, change the shape of the joints, and even change the type of paper that you roll the joint with.
Share your favorite techniques for rolling a joint.
Cannabis Indica is one of the most popular types of marijuana used by people worldwide. If you are new to cannabis, Indica is known for the ‘body high’ putting the user in a relaxed physical and mental state. Many people use it before bed, to meditate, or just relieve anxiety and relax.
Indica is also used by people that are looking to treat nausea, headaches, seizures, migraines, muscle spasms, and chronic pain. It produces high levels of THC and low levels of CBD, which on average gives the user a psychoactive experience when compared to cannabis sativa.
It was named by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785 when he published a description on this second species of cannabis that grows in and around India. C. Indica is a broad-leafed plant that is relatively short, conical, with dense branches as compared to Sativa.
What is Indica Used for?
While there is still a debate on whether marijuana is medicine since the legalization of cannabis the moratorium on cannabis research has come to an end and scientists have started taking more interest. Indica has been found to relieve the symptoms of the following:
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Sleep Apnea
- Anxiety disorders such as PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)
- OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder)
- panic attacks
- Parkinsons Disease
- Crohn’s Disease
How to Find The Best Indica Strain?
If you are new to marijuana or you are consuming it again to treat symptoms like depression, insomnia, muscle spasms, and chronic pain.
This is one of the best Indica strains, mainly because it has a 100% Indica genetics. They have beautiful purple tones and a pleasant earthy-sweet taste. Purple Kush originates from the Hindu Kush and Afghani. With the Indica creates a highly pleasant and slow body high. The THC levels range from 16-27%. It treats insomnia, muscle spasms, and chronic pain.
This is one of the most popular strains for use for insomnia and has won a ton of awards. Northern Lights is also used to treat anxiety and depression. The THC levels range between 16-26%.
This is a cross between Purple Urkle and Big Bud which creates an enjoyable fruity aroma. Granddaddy Purple provides effects that can be felt in both body and mind as physical relaxation and euphoria. The THC levels are between 17-27% and, is used to treat relief from chronic pain, stress, appetite loss, and insomnia.
This strain provides an earthy aroma with a hint of sweetness. This is one of the earliest varieties of Indica. The THC levels in Afghani ranges between 15-20% and is used to treat severe stress, physical pain, and insomnia disorder.
This Indica strain has an earthy aroma with berry notes. Blueberry Kush is a hybrid of Blueberry and OG Kush. The THC ranges between 17-24% and is used to treat pain and insomnia.
Skywalker OG is a hybrid between Skywalker and OG Kush. The THC levels range between 20-26%. It used to treat the strongest anxiety and stress. It gives off a head high and tingly body.
The Platinum Kush is 90% of Indica dominance with purple hues and bright orange leaves. The THC levels range from 13-17% and will give you a slow and pleasant body buzz. The aromas are fruity with hashy notes
This Hybrid strain is 60:40 Indica and Sativa gives off a sweet and earthy aroma and is one of the most potent strains. The THC Level ranges from 20-28% which is one of the strongest strain. It gives a relaxing high with a euphoric feeling that is used to treat severe pain, depression, nausea, and appetite loss.
This Hybrid strain with 70% Indica 30% sativa. The THC levels range between 22-24% and are used to treat chronic pain, appetite, nausea, and seizures. The strain gives off an orange aroma. The high for G-13 is a focused and creative high to start followed by a couch-locked state of mind.
This Indica strain is of Afghani descent but the genetic origin is not known. Bubba Kush THC levels range from 15-22% with chocolaty notes with a hint of coffee. This strain is used for chronic pain, muscle relaxant, depression, and insomnia.
If you have experience with any of these strains listed above let us know.
If you suffer from anxiety then maybe CBD can help you treat these stress responses. Cannabidiol has been shown to reduce the anxiety induced by simulated public speaking in this 2011 study.
In 2016, CBD was Googled more than THC and has been growing since. In a recent survey, Quartz asked 2,000 Americans about their use and perceptions of CBD. While 86% of people surveyed had heard of CBD, only less than 20% had tried it, and less than 7% admitted to using it regularly.
Why People Are Taking CBD
Of those surveyed by Quartz, 22% said they used CBD socially, 55% of those who tried CBD said they ‘used it to relax’ and another 50% said they were looking for stress and anxiety relief. See Chart below:
Anxiety-Related disorders affect 18% of adults in the United States age 18 and older. Pharmaceutical companies answer to anxiety is SSRIs (Prozac and Zoloft) and tranquilizers (Valium and Xanax).
If you are prescribed one of the numerous drugs to treat anxiety like one of the many selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) with little success, then it might be time to give Cannabis and more specifically Cannabidiol or CBD a shot.
There is a large subset of people suffering from anxiety that see no relief from these drugs, can’t handle the side effects, or do not want to take due to these drugs highly addictive nature. In recent years, CBD has shown evidence that it has a powerful impact on anti-anxiety properties.
Cannabidiol appears to be well tolerated by users and safe to use making CBD an alternative to other drugs used to treat anxiety and depression.
CBD May Be Beneficial in Treating These Anxiety-Related Disorders
- Panic disorder
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Social phobia
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
- Mild to moderate depression
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
How Does CBD Work?
While most research currently on CBD is preclinical and based on animal studies, CBD exerts several actions in the brain that may explain why it could be useful in treating anxiety.
5-HT1A is a subtype of the serotonin receptor. It matters because anxiety and depression are treated with SSRIs like Prozac or Zoloft. These serotonin reuptake inhibitors work by blocking reabsorption of serotonin in the brain, which increases the availability of serotonin in the synaptic space.
CBD can reduce anxiety and boost mood in certain cases by helping the brain to transmit more serotonin signals. However, this is not fully understood about why.
CBD may act similar to SSRIs by boosting signaling through serotonin receptors. Spanish researchers found that CBD enhances 5-HT1A transmission in this 2016 study.
They published that “Our results demonstrate that CBD exerts fast and maintained antidepressant-like effects as evidenced by the reversal of the OBX-induced hyperactivity and anhedonia.”
Their findings indicate that CBD could represent a novel fast antidepressant drug by enhancing both serotonergic and glutamate cortical signaling through a 5-HT1A receptor.
How Does CBD Help Reduce Anxiety?
Patients afflicted with generalized social anxiety reported a significant decrease in anxiety that was supported by brain scans showing blood flow in the brain in patterns consistent with the anti-anxiety effect. This study 2011 study also showed reduced ECD uptake in the left parahippocampal gyrus, hippocampus, and inferior temporal gyrus.
“This suggests that CBD reduces anxiety in SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder) and that this is related to its effects on activity in limbic and paralimbic brain areas.” – Department of Neuroscience and Behavior, School fo Medicine of Ribeirao, University of San Paulo
Should I Use CBD to Treat Anxiety?
While human studies are starting to validate CBD’s efficacy as an anti-anxiety treatment more research is needed to examine the long-term effects of CBD.
CBD has so much potential due to its demonstrated efficacy and highly favorable safety profile, especially when compared to currently available anti-anxiety drugs, which make it a safe addition if not replacement to currently available pharmaceuticals.
We have talked already about the positive impact of medical marijuana in healthcare. But, did you know that hemp is used in so many different ways?
In recent time, the Internet is full of posts on how you can effectively use marijuana in food, cosmetics, clothing, and so on. We would like to highlight just some areas/products where marijuana is a core ingredient.
Difference Between Marijuana & Hemp
Marijuana and hemp are completely different in its function, cultivation, and use. Hemp is used in a variety of other applications that marijuana isn’t used in like, dietary supplements, skin products, clothing, and accessories. There are over 25,000 uses for hemp and this 2018 study, Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity.
Check out this video by Charlotte’s Web CBD that clarifies some common points of confusion between hemp and marijuana.
Other Uses for this Cannabis Plant Family
Hemp is a natural ingredient, and as you can use it in cosmetics, beauty products that include hemp are natural to make up products. It is because of the high content of vitamin A, C, and E that hemp oil includes. Hemp is also rich in amino acids, essential fatty acids, and antioxidants. Thanks to these nutrients, hemp provides a number of benefits for our skin. Hemp oil can reduce wrinkles, slow down aging, and also clean pores. And, we highlighted just some of its benefits.
Again, hemp oil with a high content of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids is effective for nourishing hair. As it is rich in vitamin E, hemp prevents hair loss by stimulating capillaries to improve blood flow.
Thanks to hemp, you can get the most wearable jeans in the world, and no need to pay a lot of money. Imagine jeans that would be so durable that you could wear them for years. These ‘hemp jeans’ would not only become more comfortable with every wash, but they would also be waterproof and would not absorb odors. Recently, some large clothing manufacturers, like Patagonia, have released lines of clothing from hemp.
Hemp can be used in the production of sneakers thanks to durable hemp fiber, which is an ideal material for sneakers. Hemp sneakers are comfortable, ‘breathable’, even when the temperature rises.
Chocolate is one of the food products, where hemp seeds can be used. In Amsterdam, for example, you definitely can find marijuana chocolates. And, these chocolates are not only tasty but actually healthy.
Depending on the processing of hemp, you can produce two different types of fuel – biodiesel hemp fuel and hemp ethanol/methanol.
Hemp is the most economical and environmentally friendly raw material for fuel.
Cosmetic concrete (a mixture of lime, hemp, and water) makes hemp stabile and costless material, at the same time provides better insulation and reduces construction costs, since it is made from the waste of cinder production. See this National Geographic video about building a house with hemp. In addition to the costs, this is also a building material with a negative carbon footprint.
Hemp is used for most paper products, and it is one of the best raw material for paper. Given that only 30% of the tree has fiber, and the remaining 70% must be removed in order to produce paper.
Following the usage of hemp in paper production, hemp seed oil is an excellent option for painting porous surfaces such as raw wood. It is quickly absorbed into the surface; hemp oil creates a durable coating. Thanks to hemp, it dries quickly, making it ideal for paints and varnishes.
And, this is not the full list of how we can use hemp in different ways. So, but only medicine, but construction, food, fashion, and even art needs hemp!
THCV is a cannabinoid just like THC and CBD. THCV is also psychoactive but different from tetrahydrocannabinol. Tetrahydrocannabivarin is predominately found in Cannabis Sativa and it is known to produce motivated alertness and energized feelings of euphoria.
Quick Facts about THCV
- It is an appetite suppressant.
- It may delay Parkinson’s Disease progression.
- It may help with Alzheimer’s
- It has been shown to reduce anxiety and panic attacks.
Effects and Benefits of THCV
Research has shown that THCV can be effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms such as PTSD, Parkinson’s Disease, Seizures, and Alzheimer’s.
THCV for Parkinson’s Disease
A 2011 study showed that “THCV has a promising pharmacological profile for delaying disease progression in Parkinson’s Disease…” by its ability to activate the CB2 receptor while blocking the CB1 receptor.
THCV for Inflammation and Pain
A 2010 study, in the British Pharmacological Society, showed that THCV “can activate CB2 receptors in vitro and decrease signs of inflammation and inflammatory pain in mice partly via CB1 and/or CB2 receptor activation.
Cannabis Strains High in THCV | Where to find them
THCV is more often than not found in different cannabis that is sativa dominant. If you are looking for high THCV products then you are going to want to look at the Landrace strains from Africa. Strains from Africa will generally have a higher-THCV amount.
- Durban Poison
- Cherry Pie
- Doug’s Varin
- Pineapple Purps
- Power Plant
- Willie Nelson
- Red Congolese
- Jack the Ripper
- Durban Cheese
- Skunk No 1
What Does Tetrahydrocannabivarin Do?
Tetrahydrocannabivarin has a number of effects that may benefit people with the following health conditions:
- Anxiety & PTSD
- Type 2 diabetes
Since most growers focused on cultivating strain high in THC and CBD. It has taken longer to realize the therapeutic benefits of Tetrahydrocannabivarin, so many growers didn’t focus on THCV. This swing is currently happening with strains coming in with up to 24% THCV level.
Cannabis both C. Sativa and C. Indica have been cultivated throughout all of recorded history. It has been used as a source of industrial fiber, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods, and medicine. There are five chemotaxonomic types of Cannabis.
- High levels of THC
- More fibrous and has higher levels of CBD
- Intermediate between the two
- High levels of cannabigerol (CBG)
- Cannabis almost without Cannabinoids
Cannabis strains with relatively high CBD: THC ratios are less likely to induce anxiety and vice-versa.
What is Indica Cannabis?
Indica is an annual plant in the Cannabaceae family that originates from the Indian subcontinent. It is a presumed species of Cannabis. On average Cannabis Indica has a higher level of THC compared to CBD, whereas Cannabis Sativa has a lower level of THC to CBD. Indica plants tend to grow shorter and bushier and have wide, short leaves with short wide blades and the buds tend to be wide, dense, and bulky.
Indica is well known for its sedative effects which many people prefer for night time use. Indica possesses a more calming, soothing, and numbing experience. Many users of Indica do so for relaxation of stress and pain relief.
Top 5 Medical Uses for Indica Marijuana Strains
Effect #1 – Promotes Sleep
Cannabis Indica has long been used to promote sleep. This 2018 study showed that cannabis flower In 2018, a Swiss academic journal, Medicines, claimed that cannabis flower was correlated with “significant improvements in perceived insomnia with differential effectiveness and side effect profiles.” While Cannabis Sativa plants were associated with more negative side effects than flower from C. indica or hybrid plant subtypes.
Effect #2 – Relieves Stress and Anxiety
Cannabis with high-CBD is preferred over cannabis that is high in THC when it comes to anxiety relief. Since C. indica is more prevalent in indica weed than it is with sativa.
This is probably due to the fact that CBD, “reduces the effects of THC on several behavioral functions.” It is also known to “Reduce anxiety and improve the sensation of well being by a high THC dose.”
Effect #3 – Relaxes Muscles
Photo: Northern Lights
It is common knowledge that C. Indica has been used as muscle relaxers. There are many strains that provide the best medical indica effects for spasticity are Northern Lights, Romulan, Nine-Pound Hammer, Platinum Kush, Critical Kush, and Vanilla Kush, all of which are indicas.
Effect #4 – Reduces Seizures
A 2019 study, showed that long-term add-on CBD treatment had an acceptable safety profile,” in several randomized controlled and open-label trials have studied the effects of Epidiolex, a 99% pure oral CBD extract on patients with refractory epilepsy. This led to FDA approval of Epidiolx into schedule V of the controlled substances act (CSA).
Indica contains more CBD on average than C. Sativa and per the study above it makes sense that marijuana Indica would have an effect on seizures.
Effect #5 – Decreases Inflammation and Pain
The therapeutic effects of indica were used to help reduce pain and inflammation. Indica-dominant varieties contain full-spectrum CBD and are the cause of minimizing inflammation.
What is Cannabis Sativa?
Photo: World Famous Jack Herer Sativa
Cannabis Sativa is an annual plant that originates from eastern Asia but is grown all over the world now. The word “Sativa” means things that are cultivated.
Medical Effects of Sativa Strains
Sativas are known to increase mental acuity and energetic qualities that you want to smoke while out on social gatherings or if you need to be productive. C. Sativa tends to be more stimulating and is known to be more effective in treating the following symptoms.
Some of the most popular c. sativa brands are Jack Herer (55% Sativa|15-24% THC | CBD 1-2%), Durban Poison(100% Sativa | THC up to 24%), Hawaiian Snow (80% Sativa | THC up to 24%), Moby Dick (75% Sativa | THC up to 27%), and Amnesia Haze (70% Sativa | THC up to 24%)
Effect #1 – Migraines
Migraine suffers tend to have decreased levels of anandamide, fatty acid neurotransmitters, a condition known as Clinical Endo-cannabinoid Deficiency (CECD), found in recent research of the endo-cannabinoid system.
Migraines have been linked to genetics and inflammation in specific areas of the brain and high serotonin levels, and THC minimizes the release of serotonin from blood cells, both indicating that cannabis compounds may play a role in regulating serotonin levels in migraine patients.
Effect #2 – Chronic Pain
The use of Cannabis for pain goes back to the ancient Chinese in around 2900 B.C. Around one in five Americans who suffer from chronic pain are turning to cannabis as an alternative to opioids. THC and CBD in cannabis are both known to elicit analgesic effects, especially when used together.
In a 2015 review of 28 randomized clinical trials, several of these trials had positive results, suggesting that marijuana or cannabinoids may be efficacious for these indications.
Effect #3 – Nausea
THC reduces vomiting by binding to cannabinoid CB1 receptors while CBD interacts with serotonin receptors. The combination of THC and CBD can sometimes relieve nausea more effectively than prescription pharmaceuticals.
Why are sativa and indica highs different?
The difference is probably due to the difference in the cannabinoids that play a huge role in the effects of cannabis through interaction with the endo-cannabinoid system in the human body. It comes down to the different rations of cannabinoids and terpenes.
C. Sativa typically has a higher THC to CBD ratio than C. Indica. While the Tetrahydrocannabinol is known for having psychoactive effects that are associated with the ‘high’ of marijuana.
Is CBD an Indica or Sativa?
CBD is a cannabinoid that has a very little psychoactive effect and can be found in sativa, indica, and hybrid cannabis strains of cannabis. Research shows that CBD benefits include an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent.
Cannabidiol is a potential medicine for the treatment of neuro-inflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, anxiety, and mood disorders.
Which has more CBD C. Indica or C. Sativa?
The buds of indica strains tend to be wide, dense and bulky, while sativa strains are likely to be long, sausage-shaped flowers. On average, Cannabis indica has higher levels of THC compared to CBD, whereas Cannabis sativa has lower levels of THC to CBD. However, huge variability exists within either species.
Why do you laugh when you high?
Secondly, marijuana use stimulates the production and release of both dopamine and endorphins in the brain — and since both of these neurotransmitters work to make us feel happy, content, and rewarded when released into our bodies, getting stoned puts us in the mood to laugh more than normal.
What is THCV good for?
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is a cannabinoid that holds potentially potent psychoactive effects, along with a host of medicinal benefits. THCV holds appetite suppressing effects, which make it a possible weight loss supplement and potentially beneficial to diabetics by aiding in the regulation of blood sugar levels.
Is Hash Indica or Sativa?
Hash is about as pure a concentration of THC that you can get. It is at least 40% THC as compared to the potency of the buds that range between 10% and 20%.
What is the strongest Cannabis strains on the market?
The Strongest Cannabis Indica
According to High Times 2017 article the Strongest Strains on Earth, the strongest strain was the Godfather OG with a THC potency of 34.04 from CHR LA Private Reserve.
The Strongest Cannabis Sativa
In the same contest, T.C.’s Durban Cookies, a medical sativa strain ranked number seventh overall but number one for C. Sativa with a THC potency of 29.56.