The History of Marijuana

Likely originating in Central Asia, the cannabis plant may have been one of the first plants cultivated by humans. In addition to its psychoactive charms, cannabis gave early growers nutritious seeds to eat and useful fibers for rope.

Our ancestors even discovered some of the medicinal benefits of cannabis. The ancient Chinese deity Shennong, or “God Farmer,” recommended that cultivators grow “hemp elixir” to treat the sick. Cannabis has a particularly rich history in India, where it has been used for thousands of years as a spiritual aid.

Even as great societies of metal and stone formed, cannabis remained an indispensable crop. Ancient Rome, for instance, wouldn’t have been the sea power it was without using strong hemp sails and ropes. The British and Spanish, too, powered their world-spanning empires with hemp riggings. Our first president, George Washington, was even known to grow cannabis.

As we mentioned, early civilizations were quick to discover the psychoactive effects of marijuana. Mexico, in particular, emerged as a major cultivator of psychoactive strains in the early 1900s, and that cannabis wafted over the border into the United States. Then, in 1937, the US passed the Marijuana Tax Act, which effectively criminalized the drug. And in 1970 the Controlled Substances Act branded cannabis as a Schedule I drug, increasing the severity of punishments for being found with it.

As with the prohibition of alcohol, banning the consumption of cannabis just drove the drug underground. Which brings us to the legend of Northern California, a longstanding mecca of cannabis production. Over the last few decades, cultivators have hidden themselves in the wildlands, producing nearly 75 percent of the domestically grown cannabis consumed in the US. Growers here have selected plant generation after plant generation for high THC content, to the point where you can now regularly find flower with 25, even 30 percent THC, whereas a few decades ago the average was around 5 percent.

While Northern California’s growers were proving themselves masters of cannabis cultivation, the plant remained—and, to a large degree, still remains—mysterious, because, until recently, it has been extremely difficult for researchers to study a Schedule I drug. Until 2016, the DEA claimed a monopoly on the official supply of research cannabis, licensing a single farm at the University of Mississippi that produced an odd strain of marijuana that looks nothing like what’s out on the market.

That regulatory wall, though, is crumbling, and science is rejoicing.

CANNABIS GLOSSARY

Cannabinoids
Compounds that bind to receptors in the human body’s endocannabinoid system, producing both psychoactive effects, in the case of THC, and non-psychoactive effects, in the case of CBD.

Chemotype
The distinct chemical makeup of an individual cannabis plant, which varies both because of genetics and because of environmental factors. Researchers are now experimenting with how to tweak light and soil composition to express or suppress certain chemical components.

Hemp
A variety of the cannabis plant that contains vanishingly small amounts of THC. Its’ extremely strong fibers have many uses, even today.

Marinol
A synthetic form of THC used to treat ailments like nausea and low appetite. Its’ cousin is Sativex, which also includes a dose of CBD that may help offset the psychoactive effects of THC.

Terpenes
A family of compounds that give cannabis its unique smell. However, terpenes are not limited to the cannabis plant—citrus plants have them, as well. Many plants use these volatile compounds to ward off insects.

The Entourage Effect
The anecdotal, though increasingly data-backed, theory that different compounds in cannabis contribute to the body high that the plant produces. Research shows, for instance, that while THC alone can lead to paranoia, pairing it with CBD tends to attenuate the psychoactivity.

The Benefits of Hemp Oil

The Benefits of Hemp Oil
People have used different types of oil as a natural medicinal treatment for thousands of years. It is well known that oil has a variety of uses in cosmetics and in food, offering many nutrients and other positive properties. Cannabis has various benefits for our health as well, so the combination of hemp and oil can have even more impact on our bodies. The therapeutic effect of hemp oil has even been confirmed by modern clinical studies. Scientists have identified a lot of its healing effects and a whole list of diseases and ailments in which the use of cannabis oil is not only advisable, but completely necessary. Hemp oil contains the maximum amount of unsaturated fatty acids, compared with other known oils. Hemp oil contains vitamins – A, B1, B2, B6, E, K, O. It also contains various trace elements and amino acids. Recent studies have shown that the oil contains carotene, chlorophyll and tannins in sufficient quantities. Chlorophyll itself is a substance with anti-tumor properties. There are several types of cannabis oils, such as CBD and hemp oil. CBD oil is derived from the Cannabis sativa plant and is known scientifically as cannabidiol. CBD is one of 120 known chemical compounds embedded in marijuana plants. The main difference is that CBD oil contains Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the primary psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. Today, some drugs stores offer hemp oil tincture for purchase.

How do I Make it?

In order to make hemp oil at home, stir fry the hemp seeds on a low heat, stirring regularly, until they start to burst. This stage requires close attention – if you overcook the seeds, the oil will turn out with a bitter aftertaste.

What Health Benefits Does Hemp Oil Offer?

Treatment of Oncological Diseases

You can use hemp oil in the complex therapy of cancer patients to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy. Because it contains THC, hemp oil can be used as a potential cure for brain cancer. Laboratory studies conducted in 2008 by a team of scientists from Spain, France, and Italy showed that THC causes the death of human glioma cells by provoking their autophagy (self-eating). The study showed that using the same biochemical processes, THC can destroy various types of cancer. It has also been proven that cannabinoids can use different mechanisms, inhibiting cell growth, causing their death and prohibiting the spread of metastases. Interestingly, cannabinoids do not affect healthy cells and can even protect them from cell death. The effect of THC on the malignant cells comes from the real-life experience of people who have successfully defeated cancer with cannabis products. This includes patients who completely cured skin cancer by simply spreading oil on the affected areas, as well as others who recovered from a severe head injury using hemp oil.

Cardiovascular System Health

Hemp oil contains Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, and in an optimally useful ratio, and phytosterols. Hemp oil has a hypocholesterolemic effect, i.e. reduces the level of harmful cholesterol in the blood and helps cleanse the blood vessels of cholesterol plaques.

Blood Health

Hemp oil contains chlorophyll, iron, zinc, which are directly involved in the synthesis of blood cells. This product is recommended to include in the diet of patients with anemia.

Respiratory and Digestive Health

The use of hemp oil in effective in the complex therapy of respiratory and asthmatic infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract. Regular consumption of hemp oil in food has a beneficial effect on the digestive tract as a whole. It has a light analgesic, sedative, wound healing and anti-inflammatory action.

Musculoskeletal Health

Hemp oil has an anti-inflammatory, soothing, mild analgesic effect.

Healthy Skin, Hair, and Nails

Studies have shown that regular use of hemp oil (2 tablespoons daily before meals) has a positive impact. After 2-3 weeks you will begin to see healthy, soft skin and strong nails. Your hair will also delight you with a healthy shine and fast growth. Hemp oil moisturizes the skin well without clogging pores. It has the highest penetrating ability, therefore it is an ideal oil for massage. Natural antioxidants, like those found in hemp oil, prevent premature aging of the skin. Essential fatty acids contribute to healthy and supple skin, hair, and nails. They supply every cell of the skin with oxygen, clean the arteries, strengthen the immune system, and prevent viruses and other threats to the immune system. Fatty acids can only be obtained from outside sources, as they are not produced by the body. Hemp oil quickly restores the broken lipid barrier, thereby soothing dry, flaky and irritated skin. It has an anti-inflammatory effect on the skin, clearing redness and swelling. One of its components, alpha-linolenic acid, gives it a high regenerating properties, helping to limit the loss of moisture from the skin surface. A recent Canadian study has shown that it has a wide range of ultraviolet protection for the skin, has a regenerating effect on the skin already affected by the sun, and also contributes to the restoration of muscles damaged after exercise.

Hemp Oil in Food

Hemp oil is a vegetable-origin fat obtained by hot pressing or cold pressing from hemp seeds. Historically, over time, it has been completely replaced by sunflower oil, and then olive oil, but recently manufacturers have introduced high-quality hemp oil to the market. It has a light green tint, delicate, pleasant aroma and slightly sour taste. Hemp seeds are used for cooking hemp porridge, as well as additives to other cereals. There are also some recipes for fried hemp seeds. The taste of the seeds is very bright and nutty. Therefore, before cooking, they are soaked and then boiled. You can also pass the seeds through a meat grinder or blender. You can also cook hemp milk, or even hemp cookies or hemp caramel.

Obesity and Healthy Weight

The balanced content of polyunsaturated fatty acids in hemp oil contributes to the treatment and prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous system and obesity. Working in conjunction with THC, CBD limits some of the effects of tetrahydrocannabinol on the body. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health polls, researchers found that women who consume cannabis daily have a BMI by an average of 3.1% lower than non-consuming women. For men, the difference is slightly smaller, about 2.7%, but still in favor of cannabis users. Researchers believe that their findings may help eliminate stereotypes associated with marijuana and increased appetite. The 2013 papers published in the American Journal of Medicine have shown that cannabis inhibits the growth of fat deposits, changing the rate of insulin production in the body and speeding up metabolic functions, as in a well -established mechanism. Even earlier studies in 2011 also showed a positive relationship between cannabis use and lower weight.

How to Choose

The color of hemp oil can vary from light yellow to dark saturated green (which indicates a high content of chlorophyll). Its’ taste is neutral, with nutty notes. Something to keep in mind is that the lower the spin temperature, the greater the benefit.

How to Store

It is also important to properly store hemp oil as it can lose its healthy properties if it is not kept correctly. To preserve the nutritional properties, it should be kept in the refrigerator, in a bottle of dark glass, with a tight-fitting lid. Photo Credit: The Complete Herbal Guide

How to Pack and Smoke a Bowl of Cannabis

How to Pack and Smoke a Bowl of Cannabis

One of the quintessential lessons in consuming cannabis is learning how to pack a bowl. Most find this to be much easier than rolling a joint. Whether you are packing a pipe for yourself or a group of your friends, here are the key fundamentals that will help you optimize smoking a bowl.

Pipes used for cannabis come in all shapes and sizes. They have been adapted from traditional tobacco pipes.

Cannabis pipes have a few key features. First, there’s the bowl where your marijuana goes. There’s also an airtight channel that delivers air to the mouthpiece, and some pipes also have a secondary air channel, known as the carb. The carb is used to manipulate the airflow from the bowl to the mouthpiece. You may want to use a screen to stop the flower from being inhaled through the mouthpiece. If you don’t have a pack of pipe screens you can use the screen from a faucet or a paperclip. We caution you from using an aluminum can tab because they are coated with chemicals.

Pipe Screens: How to Pack and Smoke a Bowl of Cannabis

Items Needed to Pack and Smoke a Bowl

In order to smoke, you are going to need the cannabis flower, something to light the cannabis, and, of course, a pipe.

A standard lighter is the most traditional way to light your cannabis, but there are a variety of other options on the market, too. Hemp wicks, glass wands, vaporizers and other devices are more effective at controlling the heat applied to your flower.

Regardless of what you choose, your goal is to heat the cannabis flower to a point where it will vaporize, delivering the cannabinoids and flavor, while eliminating combustion smoke. Using an alternative heating device instead of a lighter will give you a lighter, more controlled hit.

Breaking Down the Flower

Remember to break down the marijuana a little bit to make sure that you get an even burn that will still allow for air to pass through freely. You don’t need a grinder, but it does make the job easier. Just be sure not to grind your marijuana too finely.

Packing the Bowl

  1. Take your pipe and add the pipe screen/water faucet screen/paperclip to the bottom of the bowl.
  2. Add your cannabis to the bowl. When adding the weed to the bowl, the bottom should be packed lighter than the top, providing a more even burn and a “cherry” in the bowl.
  3. Light the flower using a heat source, like a lighter, to light a corner of the cannabis in the bowl.

Share your tips and tricks for smoking a bowl in the comments below!

How to Roll a Joint

How to Roll a Joint - How to Consume Cannabis

There are a number of different ways to roll a joint and every cannabis user should learn how to roll a joint. Regardless of the technique that you choose to use, make sure that your creation burns smoothly and evenly.

Rolling a Joint: What Do Supplies Do I Need?

You are going to need the following rolling supplies:

  • The Cannabis flower that you want to smoke
  • Business cards or thin cardboard
  • Rolling papers
  • Crutch
  • Cannabis grinder
  • Pen, pencil, or anything of similar shape.

Step One: The Shake – Grind

To create the shake you want to break down your cannabis into shake using a grinder. You can also grind the flower down by hand, knife, scissors, or any number of other breakdown methods. Make sure the consistency is even. Remove any stems or other lumps. If the shake is 100% cannabis then make sure your material is absolutely dry.

Step Two: Creating the Filter

Next, you need to create the crutch/filter. To create the filter grab a business card. To start with a few folds at the end of the cardboard like an accordion, then roll the material to the thickness of your joint.

The filter helps to keep the shake from falling out of the end of the joint in your mouth when you smoke.

The shape of the joint is determined by how you distribute the mix over the papers. Use long papers. Most Joints are cone-shaped. Cones tend to smoke more smoothly than straight joints but are slightly harder to roll.

Step Three: Fill Rolling Paper with Cannabis

How to Roll a Joint - How to Consume Cannabis

Now grab the crutch/filter and start filling the rolling paper with the cannabis shake. Once you have filled the paper with approximately a half to a gram you can start to form and shape the joint. 

Step Four: Roll it

This can be the tricky part. Pick everything up and start rolling gentle in the middle, rolling outward. You want to pinch the paper in your fingertips and roll it. Let your thumbs do most of the work and give support and pressure with your forefingers. You should start to feel the mix firming inside the paper. 

You might want to start rolling it on the crutch/filter side since it helps guide the paper as it guides the roll. Once you work your way down the rest of the seam by sealing the joint. 

Step Five: Pack It and Seal It.

Grab the pen/pencil and pack the end of the joint. This will help the joint burn even. Once you have it packed tight twist the paper to seal it. 

Step Six: Smoke it

How to Roll a Joint - Greenery Map

Now you have a joint ready to smoke. There are an unlimited amount of ways to roll a joint. You can change the amount of cannabis in the joint, change the shape of the joints, and even change the type of paper that you roll the joint with. 

Share your favorite techniques for rolling a joint. 


The 10 Best Cannabis Indica Strains Now

10 Best Cannabis Indica Strains Now

Cannabis Indica is one of the most popular types of marijuana used by people worldwide. Indica is known for the ‘body high’ putting the user in a relaxed physical and mental state. Many people use it before bed, to meditate, or to just relieve anxiety and relax.

Indica is also used by people that are looking to treat nausea, headaches, seizures, migraines, muscle spasms, and chronic pain. It produces high levels of THC and low levels of CBD, which, on average, gives the user a psychoactive experience when compared to cannabis sativa.

About Indica

It was named by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785 when he published a description on this second species of cannabis that grows in and around India. C. Indica is a broad-leafed plant that is relatively short, conical, with dense branches as compared to Sativa.

What is Indica Used for?

While there is still a debate on whether marijuana is medicine, since the legalization of cannabis, scientists have started taking more interest. Indica has been found to relieve the symptoms of the following:

  • Cancer
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Lupus
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Anxiety disorders such as PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)
    • OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder)
    • panic attacks
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Arthritis
  • PMS
  • Inflammation
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Epilepsy

The Best Indica Strains

Often, Indica strains are used to treat symptoms like depression, insomnia, muscle spasms, and chronic pain. Here are some of the best strains for treating these ailments.

Purple Kush

First, Purple Kush, which originates from Hindu Kush and Afghani strains. This is one of the best Indica strains, mainly because it has a 100% Indica genetics. It has beautiful purple tones and a pleasant earthy-sweet tastes, and is known to create a highly pleasant and slow body high, with THC levels ranging from 16-27%. It treats insomnia, muscle spasms, and chronic pain.

Northern Lights

Northern Lights

This is one of the most popular strains for use for insomnia and, as such, has won a number of awards. Northern Lights is also used to treat anxiety and depression. The THC levels range between 16-26%.

Granddaddy Purple

Granddaddy Purple

This is a cross between Purple Urkle and Big Bud which creates an enjoyable fruity aroma. Granddaddy Purple provides effects that can be felt in both body and mind as physical relaxation and euphoria. The THC levels are between 17-27% and it is used to treat relief from chronic pain, stress, appetite loss, and insomnia.

Afghani

AfghanI Cannabis

This strain, one of the earliest varieties of indica, provides an earthy aroma with a hint of sweetness. The THC levels in Afghani range between 15-20% and it is used to treat severe stress, physical pain, and insomnia disorder.

Blueberry Kush

This Indica strain has an earthy aroma with berry notes. Blueberry Kush is a hybrid of Blueberry and OG Kush. The THC ranges between 17-24% and it is used to treat pain and insomnia.

Skywalker OG

Skywalker OG is a hybrid between Skywalker and OG Kush with THC levels between 20-26%. It used to treat the strongest anxiety and stress, where most users feel a head high and tingly body.

Platinum Kush

The Platinum Kush is 90% of Indica dominance with purple hues and bright orange leaves. With THC levels ranging from 13-17%, it will give you a slow and pleasant body buzz. The aromas are fruity with hashy notes.

Girl Scout Cookies

This hybrid strain is 60:40 Indica and Sativa and it gives off a sweet and earthy aroma. The THC Level ranges from 20-28%, making it one of the strongest strains. It gives a relaxing high with a euphoric feeling that is used to treat severe pain, depression, nausea, and appetite loss.

G-13

This Hybrid strain with 70% Indica 30% sativa. The THC levels are typically 22-24% and it is used to treat chronic pain, appetite, nausea, and seizures. The strain gives off an orange aroma. The high for G-13 is a focused and creative high to start followed by a couch-locked state of mind.

Bubba Kush

Bubba Kush: 10 Best Cannabis Strains

This Indica strain is of Afghani descent but the genetic origin is not known. Bubba Kush THC levels range from 15-22% with chocolaty notes with a hint of coffee. This strain is used for chronic pain, muscle relaxant, depression, and insomnia.

If you have experience with any of these strains listed above let us know.

How Cannabidiol (CBD) Works for Treating Anxiety

How Cannabidiol (CBD) Works for Treating Anxiety

If you suffer from anxiety then maybe CBD can help you treat these stress responses. Cannabidiol has been shown to reduce the anxiety induced by simulated public speaking in this 2011 study.

In 2016, CBD was Googled more than THC and has been growing since. In a recent survey, Quartz asked 2,000 Americans about their use and perceptions of CBD. While 86% of people surveyed had heard of CBD, only less than 20% had tried it, and less than 7% admitted to using it regularly.

Why People Are Taking CBD

Of those surveyed by Quartz, 22% said they used CBD socially, 55% of those who tried CBD said they ‘used it to relax’ and another 50% said they were looking for stress and anxiety relief. See Chart below:

The Reasons US Adults Say They Tried CBD Cannabidol

Anxiety-Related disorders affect 18% of adults in the United States age 18 and older. Pharmaceutical companies answer to anxiety is SSRIs (Prozac and Zoloft) and tranquilizers (Valium and Xanax).

If you are prescribed one of the numerous drugs to treat anxiety like one of the many selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) with little success, then it might be time to give Cannabis and more specifically Cannabidiol or CBD a shot.

There is a large subset of people suffering from anxiety that see no relief from these drugs, can’t handle the side effects, or do not want to take due to these drugs highly addictive nature. In recent years, CBD has shown evidence that it has a powerful impact on anti-anxiety properties.

Cannabidiol appears to be well tolerated by users and safe to use making CBD an alternative to other drugs used to treat anxiety and depression.

CBD May Be Beneficial in Treating These Anxiety-Related Disorders

  • Panic disorder
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Social phobia
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
  • Mild to moderate depression
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

How Does CBD Work?

While most research currently on CBD is preclinical and based on animal studies, CBD exerts several actions in the brain that may explain why it could be useful in treating anxiety.

5-HT1A is a subtype of the serotonin receptor. It matters because anxiety and depression are treated with SSRIs like Prozac or Zoloft. These serotonin reuptake inhibitors work by blocking reabsorption of serotonin in the brain, which increases the availability of serotonin in the synaptic space.

CBD can reduce anxiety and boost mood in certain cases by helping the brain to transmit more serotonin signals. However, this is not fully understood about why.

CBD may act similar to SSRIs by boosting signaling through serotonin receptors. Spanish researchers found that CBD enhances 5-HT1A transmission in this 2016 study.

They published that “Our results demonstrate that CBD exerts fast and maintained antidepressant-like effects as evidenced by the reversal of the OBX-induced hyperactivity and anhedonia.”

Their findings indicate that CBD could represent a novel fast antidepressant drug by enhancing both serotonergic and glutamate cortical signaling through a 5-HT1A receptor.

How Does CBD Help Reduce Anxiety?

Patients afflicted with generalized social anxiety reported a significant decrease in anxiety that was supported by brain scans showing blood flow in the brain in patterns consistent with the anti-anxiety effect. This study 2011 study also showed reduced ECD uptake in the left parahippocampal gyrus, hippocampus, and inferior temporal gyrus.

“This suggests that CBD reduces anxiety in SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder) and that this is related to its effects on activity in limbic and paralimbic brain areas.” – Department of Neuroscience and Behavior, School fo Medicine of Ribeirao, University of San Paulo

Should I Use CBD to Treat Anxiety?

While human studies are starting to validate CBD’s efficacy as an anti-anxiety treatment more research is needed to examine the long-term effects of CBD.

CBD has so much potential due to its demonstrated efficacy and highly favorable safety profile, especially when compared to currently available anti-anxiety drugs, which make it a safe addition if not replacement to currently available pharmaceuticals.

Marijuana & Hemp: Products that can be made from these Cannabis Plants

Products that can be made from Hemp & Marijuana

We have talked already about the positive impact of medical marijuana in healthcare. But, did you know that hemp is used in so many different ways?

In recent time, the Internet is full of posts on how you can effectively use marijuana in food, cosmetics, clothing, and so on. We would like to highlight just some areas/products where marijuana is a core ingredient.

Difference Between Marijuana & Hemp

Marijuana and hemp are completely different in its function, cultivation, and use. Hemp is used in a variety of other applications that marijuana isn’t used in like, dietary supplements, skin products, clothing, and accessories. There are over 25,000 uses for hemp and this 2018 study, Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity.

Check out this video by Charlotte’s Web CBD that clarifies some common points of confusion between hemp and marijuana.

Other Uses for this Cannabis Plant Family

Makeup

Hemp is a natural ingredient, and as you can use it in cosmetics, beauty products that include hemp are natural to make up products. It is because of the high content of vitamin A, C, and E that hemp oil includes. Hemp is also rich in amino acids, essential fatty acids, and antioxidants. Thanks to these nutrients, hemp provides a number of benefits for our skin. Hemp oil can reduce wrinkles, slow down aging, and also clean pores. And, we highlighted just some of its benefits.

Shampoo

Again, hemp oil with a high content of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids is effective for nourishing hair. As it is rich in vitamin E, hemp prevents hair loss by stimulating capillaries to improve blood flow.

Jeans

Thanks to hemp, you can get the most wearable jeans in the world, and no need to pay a lot of money. Imagine jeans that would be so durable that you could wear them for years. These ‘hemp jeans’ would not only become more comfortable with every wash, but they would also be waterproof and would not absorb odors. Recently, some large clothing manufacturers, like Patagonia, have released lines of clothing from hemp.

Sneakers

Hemp can be used in the production of sneakers thanks to durable hemp fiber, which is an ideal material for sneakers. Hemp sneakers are comfortable, ‘breathable’, even when the temperature rises.

Chocolate

Chocolate is one of the food products, where hemp seeds can be used. In Amsterdam, for example, you definitely can find marijuana chocolates. And, these chocolates are not only tasty but actually healthy.

Fuel

Depending on the processing of hemp, you can produce two different types of fuel – biodiesel hemp fuel and hemp ethanol/methanol.
Hemp is the most economical and environmentally friendly raw material for fuel.

Construction

Cosmetic concrete (a mixture of lime, hemp, and water) makes hemp stabile and costless material, at the same time provides better insulation and reduces construction costs, since it is made from the waste of cinder production. See this National Geographic video about building a house with hemp. In addition to the costs, this is also a building material with a negative carbon footprint.

Paper

Hemp is used for most paper products, and it is one of the best raw material for paper. Given that only 30% of the tree has fiber, and the remaining 70% must be removed in order to produce paper.

Paint

Following the usage of hemp in paper production, hemp seed oil is an excellent option for painting porous surfaces such as raw wood. It is quickly absorbed into the surface; hemp oil creates a durable coating. Thanks to hemp, it dries quickly, making it ideal for paints and varnishes.

And, this is not the full list of how we can use hemp in different ways. So, but only medicine, but construction, food, fashion, and even art needs hemp!

What does THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) Do?

What does THCV Do?

THCV is a cannabinoid just like THC and CBD. THCV is also psychoactive but different from tetrahydrocannabinol. Tetrahydrocannabivarin is predominately found in Cannabis Sativa and it is known to produce motivated alertness and energized feelings of euphoria.

Quick Facts about THCV

  • It is an appetite suppressant.
  • It may delay Parkinson’s Disease progression.
  • It may help with Alzheimer’s
  • It has been shown to reduce anxiety and panic attacks.

Effects and Benefits of THCV

Research has shown that THCV can be effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms such as PTSD, Parkinson’s Disease, Seizures, and Alzheimer’s.

THCV for Parkinson’s Disease

A 2011 study showed that “THCV has a promising pharmacological profile for delaying disease progression in Parkinson’s Disease…” by its ability to activate the CB2 receptor while blocking the CB1 receptor.

THCV for Inflammation and Pain

A 2010 study, in the British Pharmacological Society, showed that THCV “can activate CB2 receptors in vitro and decrease signs of inflammation and inflammatory pain in mice partly via CB1 and/or CB2 receptor activation.

Cannabis Strains High in THCV | Where to find them

THCV is more often than not found in different cannabis that is sativa dominant. If you are looking for high THCV products then you are going to want to look at the Landrace strains from Africa. Strains from Africa will generally have a higher-THCV amount.

  • Durban Poison
  • Cherry Pie
  • Doug’s Varin
  • Pineapple Purps
  • Power Plant
  • Willie Nelson
  • Red Congolese
  • Jack the Ripper
  • Durban Cheese
  • Skunk No 1

What Does Tetrahydrocannabivarin Do?

Tetrahydrocannabivarin has a number of effects that may benefit people with the following health conditions:

  • Anxiety & PTSD
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Parkinsons
  • Obesity

Since most growers focused on cultivating strain high in THC and CBD. It has taken longer to realize the therapeutic benefits of Tetrahydrocannabivarin, so many growers didn’t focus on THCV. This swing is currently happening with strains coming in with up to 24% THCV level.

Sativa vs Indica: The Difference

Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica: What's the Difference

Cannabis both C. Sativa and C. Indica have been cultivated throughout all of recorded history. It has been used as a source of industrial fiber, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods, and medicine. There are five chemotaxonomic types of Cannabis.

  • High levels of THC
  • More fibrous and has higher levels of CBD
  • Intermediate between the two
  • High levels of cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabis almost without Cannabinoids

Cannabis strains with relatively high CBD: THC ratios are less likely to induce anxiety and vice-versa.

What is Indica Cannabis?

Indica is an annual plant in the Cannabaceae family that originates from the Indian subcontinent. It is a presumed species of Cannabis. On average Cannabis Indica has a higher level of THC compared to CBD, whereas Cannabis Sativa has a lower level of THC to CBD. Indica plants tend to grow shorter and bushier and have wide, short leaves with short wide blades and the buds tend to be wide, dense, and bulky.

Indica is well known for its sedative effects which many people prefer for night time use. Indica possesses a more calming, soothing, and numbing experience. Many users of Indica do so for relaxation of stress and pain relief.

Top 5 Medical Uses for Indica Marijuana Strains

Effect #1 – Promotes Sleep

Cannabis Indica has long been used to promote sleep. This 2018 study showed that cannabis flower In 2018, a Swiss academic journalMedicines, claimed that cannabis flower was correlated with “significant improvements in perceived insomnia with differential effectiveness and side effect profiles.” While Cannabis Sativa plants were associated with more negative side effects than flower from C. indica or hybrid plant subtypes.

Effect #2 – Relieves Stress and Anxiety

Cannabis with high-CBD is preferred over cannabis that is high in THC when it comes to anxiety relief. Since C. indica is more prevalent in indica weed than it is with sativa.

This is probably due to the fact that CBD, “reduces the effects of THC on several behavioral functions.” It is also known to “Reduce anxiety and improve the sensation of well being by a high THC dose.”

Effect #3 – Relaxes Muscles

Northern Lights - C. Indica

Photo: Northern Lights

It is common knowledge that C. Indica has been used as muscle relaxers. There are many strains that provide the best medical indica effects for spasticity are Northern LightsRomulanNine-Pound HammerPlatinum KushCritical Kush, and Vanilla Kush, all of which are indicas.

Effect #4 – Reduces Seizures

A 2019 study, showed that long-term add-on CBD treatment had an acceptable safety profile,” in several randomized controlled and open-label trials have studied the effects of Epidiolex, a 99% pure oral CBD extract on patients with refractory epilepsy. This led to FDA approval of Epidiolx into schedule V of the controlled substances act (CSA).

Indica contains more CBD on average than C. Sativa and per the study above it makes sense that marijuana Indica would have an effect on seizures.

Effect #5 – Decreases Inflammation and Pain

The therapeutic effects of indica were used to help reduce pain and inflammation. Indica-dominant varieties contain full-spectrum CBD and are the cause of minimizing inflammation.

What is Cannabis Sativa?

Jack Herer - Sativa Strain

Photo: World Famous Jack Herer Sativa

Cannabis Sativa is an annual plant that originates from eastern Asia but is grown all over the world now. The word “Sativa” means things that are cultivated.

Medical Effects of Sativa Strains

Sativas are known to increase mental acuity and energetic qualities that you want to smoke while out on social gatherings or if you need to be productive. C. Sativa tends to be more stimulating and is known to be more effective in treating the following symptoms.

Some of the most popular c. sativa brands are Jack Herer (55% Sativa|15-24% THC | CBD 1-2%), Durban Poison(100% Sativa | THC up to 24%), Hawaiian Snow (80% Sativa | THC up to 24%), Moby Dick (75% Sativa | THC up to 27%), and Amnesia Haze (70% Sativa | THC up to 24%)

Effect #1 – Migraines

Migraine suffers tend to have decreased levels of anandamide, fatty acid neurotransmitters, a condition known as Clinical Endo-cannabinoid Deficiency (CECD), found in recent research of the endo-cannabinoid system.

Migraines have been linked to genetics and inflammation in specific areas of the brain and high serotonin levels, and THC minimizes the release of serotonin from blood cells, both indicating that cannabis compounds may play a role in regulating serotonin levels in migraine patients.

Effect #2 – Chronic Pain

The use of Cannabis for pain goes back to the ancient Chinese in around 2900 B.C. Around one in five Americans who suffer from chronic pain are turning to cannabis as an alternative to opioids. THC and CBD in cannabis are both known to elicit analgesic effects, especially when used together.

In a 2015 review of 28 randomized clinical trials, several of these trials had positive results, suggesting that marijuana or cannabinoids may be efficacious for these indications.

Effect #3 – Nausea

THC reduces vomiting by binding to cannabinoid CB1 receptors while CBD interacts with serotonin receptors. The combination of THC and CBD can sometimes relieve nausea more effectively than prescription pharmaceuticals.

Why are sativa and indica highs different?

The difference is probably due to the difference in the cannabinoids that play a huge role in the effects of cannabis through interaction with the endo-cannabinoid system in the human body. It comes down to the different rations of cannabinoids and terpenes.

C. Sativa typically has a higher THC to CBD ratio than C. Indica. While the Tetrahydrocannabinol is known for having psychoactive effects that are associated with the ‘high’ of marijuana.

Is CBD an Indica or Sativa?

Hawaiian Snow - Cannabis Sativa Strain

CBD is a cannabinoid that has a very little psychoactive effect and can be found in sativa, indica, and hybrid cannabis strains of cannabis. Research shows that CBD benefits include an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent.

Cannabidiol is a potential medicine for the treatment of neuro-inflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, anxiety, and mood disorders.

Which has more CBD C. Indica or C. Sativa?

The buds of indica strains tend to be wide, dense and bulky, while sativa strains are likely to be long, sausage-shaped flowers. On average, Cannabis indica has higher levels of THC compared to CBD, whereas Cannabis sativa has lower levels of THC to CBD. However, huge variability exists within either species.

Why do you laugh when you high?

Secondly, marijuana use stimulates the production and release of both dopamine and endorphins in the brain — and since both of these neurotransmitters work to make us feel happy, content, and rewarded when released into our bodies, getting stoned puts us in the mood to laugh more than normal.

What is THCV good for?

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is a cannabinoid that holds potentially potent psychoactive effects, along with a host of medicinal benefits. THCV holds appetite suppressing effects, which make it a possible weight loss supplement and potentially beneficial to diabetics by aiding in the regulation of blood sugar levels.

Is Hash Indica or Sativa?

Hash is about as pure a concentration of THC that you can get. It is at least 40% THC as compared to the potency of the buds that range between 10% and 20%.

What is the strongest Cannabis strains on the market?

The Strongest Cannabis Indica

According to High Times 2017 article the Strongest Strains on Earth, the strongest strain was the Godfather OG with a THC potency of 34.04 from CHR LA Private Reserve.

The Strongest Cannabis Sativa

In the same contest, T.C.’s Durban Cookies, a medical sativa strain ranked number seventh overall but number one for C. Sativa with a THC potency of 29.56.